[SY0-501 Free Questions] SY0-501 CompTIA Security+,SY0-501 pdf

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Test Begin:

1. A high-security defense installation recently began utilizing large guard dogs that bark very loudly and excitedly at the slightest provocation.
Which of the following types of controls does this BEST describe?


2. An incident responder receives a call from a user who reports a computer is exhibiting symptoms consistent with a malware infection.
Which of the following steps should the responder perform NEXT?


3. Multiple organizations operating in the same vertical want to provide seamless wireless access for their employees as they visit the other organizations.
Which of the following should be implemented if all the organizations use the native 802.1x client on their mobile devices?


4. An analyst wants to implement a more secure wifeless authentication for office access points.
Which of the following technologies allows for encrypted authentication of wireless clients over TLS?


5. A security analyst is hardening an authentication server. One of the primary requirements is to ensure there is mutual authentication and delegation. Given these requirements, which of the following technologies should the analyst recommend and configure?


6. An organization wishes to provide better security for its name resolution services.
Which of the following technologies BEST supports the deployment DNSSEC at the organization?


7. Ann, an employee in the payroll department, has contacted the help desk citing multiple issues with her device, including:
– Slow performance
– Word documents, PDFs, and images no longer opening
– A pop-up
Ann states the issues began after she opened an invoice that a vendor emailed to her. Upon opening the invoice, she had to click several security warnings to view it in her word processor.
With which of the following is the device MOST likely infected?


8. A department head at a university resigned on the first day of the spring semester. It was subsequently determined that the department head deleted numerous files and directories from the server-based home directory while the campus was closed.
Which of the following policies or procedures co have prevented this from occurring?


9. A company is using a mobile device deployment model in which employees use their personal devices for work at their own discretion. Some of the problems the company is encountering include the following:
– There is no standardization.
– Employees ask for reimbursement for their devices.
– Employees do not replace their devices often enough to keep them running efficiently.
– The company does not have enough control over the devices.
Which of the following is a deployment model that would help the company overcome these problems?


10. A security administrator is developing controls for creating audit trails and tracking if a PHI data breach is to occur.
The administrator has been given the following requirements:
– All access must be correlated to a user account.
– All user accounts must be assigned to a single individual.
– User access to the PHI data must be recorded.
– Anomalies in PHI data access must be reported.
– Logs and records cannot be deleted or modified.
Which of the following should the administrator implement to meet the above requirements? (Select THREE).


11. Which of the following can be provided to an AAA system for the identification phase?


12. Despite having implemented password policies, users continue to set the same weak passwords and reuse old passwords.
Which of the following technical controls would help prevent these policy violations? (Select TWO).


13. A security analyst is reviewing the following output from an IPS:

Given this output, which of the following can be concluded? (Select TWO).


14. An organization finds that most help desk calls ate regarding account lockout due to a variety of applications running on different systems. Manager is looking for a solution to reduce the number of account lockouts while improving security.
Which of the following is the BEST solution for this organization?


15. Which of the following threat actors is MOST likely to steal a company’s proprietary information to gain a market edge and reduce time to market?


16. When trying to log onto a company’s new ticketing system, some employees receive the following message: Access denied: too many concurrent sessions. The ticketing system was recently installed on a small VM with only the recommended hardware specifications.
Which of the following is the MOST likely cause for this error message?


17. A network administrator at a small office wants to simplify the configuration of mobile clients connecting to an encrypted wireless network.
Which of the following should be implemented if the administrator does not want to provide the wireless password or certificate to the employees?


18. A company is developing a new secure technology and requires computers being used for development to be isolated.
Which of the following should be implemented to provide the MOST secure environment?


19. Which of the following explains why vendors publish MD5 values when they provide software patches for their customers to download over the Internet?


20. Refer to the following code: Which of the following vulnerabilities would occur if this is executed?


21. A database backup schedule consists of weekly full backups performed on Saturday at 12:00
and daily differential backups also performed at 12:00 A.m.
If the database is restored on Tuesday afternoon, which of the following is the number of individual backups that would need to be applied to complete the database recovery?


22. Which of the following technologies employ the use of SAML? (Select TWO).


23. An organization is using a tool to perform a source code review.
Which of the following describes the case in which the tool incorrectly identifies the vulnerability?


24. In a corporation where compute utilization spikes several times a year, the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has requested a cost-effective architecture to handle the variable capacity demand.
Which of the following characteristics BEST describes what the CIO has requested?


25. A Security analyst is diagnosing an incident in which a system was compromised from an external IP address. The socket identified on the firewall was traced to
Which of the following should the security analyst do to determine if the compromised system still has an active connection?


26. Which of the following BEST describes an important security advantage yielded by implementing vendor diversity?


27. Which of the following encryption methods does PKI typically use to securely protect keys?


28. Which of the following characteristics differentiate a rainbow table attack from a brute force attack? (Select TWO).


29. Which of the following BEST describes a routine in which semicolons, dashes, quotes, and commas are removed from a string?


30. Which of the following is an important step to take BEFORE moving any installation packages from a test environment to production?


31. Which of the following cryptographic attacks would salting of passwords render ineffective?


32. A network administrator wants to implement a method of securing internal routing.
Which of the following should the administrator implement?


33. Which of the following types of keys is found in a key escrow?


34. A senior incident response manager receives a call about some external IPs communicating with internal computers during off hours.
Which of the following types of malware is MOST likely causing this issue?


35. A company is currently using the following configuration:
* IAS server with certificate-based EAP-PEAP and MSCHAP
* Unencrypted authentication via PAP
A security administrator needs to configure a new wireless setup with the following configurations:
* PAP authentication method
* PEAP and EAP provide two-factor authentication
Which of the following forms of authentication are being used? (Select two).


36. A security administrator is trying to encrypt communication.
For which of the following reasons should administrator take advantage of the Subject Alternative Name (SAM) attribute of a certificate?


37. After a merger between two companies a security analyst has been asked to ensure that the organization’s systems are secured against infiltration by any former employees that were terminated during the transition.
Which of the following actions are MOST appropriate to harden applications against infiltration by former employees? (Select TWO)


38. A new mobile application is being developed in-house. Security reviews did not pick up any major flaws, however vulnerability scanning results show fundamental issues at the very end of the project cycle.
Which of the following security activities should also have been performed to discover vulnerabilities earlier in the lifecycle?


39. A security administrator is creating a subnet on one of the corporate firewall interfaces to use as a DMZ which is expected to accommodate at most 14 physical hosts.
Which of the following subnets would BEST meet the requirements?


40. A company has a security policy that specifies all endpoint computing devices should be assigned a unique identifier that can be tracked via an inventory management system. Recent changes to airline security regulations have cause many executives in the company to travel with mini tablet devices instead of laptops. These tablet devices are difficult to tag and track. An RDP application is used from the tablet to connect into the company network.
Which of the following should be implemented in order to meet the security policy requirements?


41. The security administrator receives an email on a non-company account from a coworker stating that some reports are not exporting correctly. Attached to the email was an example report file with several customers’ names and credit card numbers with the PIN.
Which of the following is the BEST technical controls that will help mitigate this risk of disclosing sensitive data?


42. A technician is configuring a wireless guest network. After applying the most recent changes the technician finds the new devices can no longer find the wireless network by name but existing devices are still able to use the wireless network.
Which of the following security measures did the technician MOST likely implement to cause this Scenario?


43. A security administrator has been assigned to review the security posture of the standard corporate system image for virtual machines. The security administrator conducts a thorough review of the system logs, installation procedures, and network configuration of the VM image. Upon reviewing the access logs and user accounts, the security administrator determines that several accounts will not be used in production.
Which of the following would correct the deficiencies?


44. Although a web enabled application appears to only allow letters in the comment field of a web form, malicious user was able to carry a SQL injection attack by sending special characters through the web comment field.
Which of the following has the application programmer failed to implement?


45. An attacker discovers a new vulnerability in an enterprise application. The attacker takes advantage of the vulnerability by developing new malware. After installing the malware the attacker is provided with access to the infected machine.
Which of the following is being described?


46. A security administrator returning from a short vacation receives an account lock-out message when attempting to log into the computer. After getting the account unlocked the security administrator immediately notices a large amount of emails alerts pertaining to several different user accounts being locked out during the past three days. The security administrator uses system logs to determine that the lock-outs were due to a brute force attack on all accounts that has been previously logged into that machine.
Which of the following can be implemented to reduce the likelihood of this attack going undetected?


47. A bank requires tellers to get manager approval when a customer wants to open a new account. A recent audit shows that there have been four cases in the previous year where tellers opened accounts without management approval. The bank president thought separation of duties would prevent this from happening.
In order to implement a true separation of duties approach the bank could:


48. A security administrator has been tasked with improving the overall security posture related to desktop machines on the network. An auditor has recently that several machines with confidential customer information displayed in the screens are left unattended during the course of the day.
Which of the following could the security administrator implement to reduce the risk associated with the finding?


49. Company policy requires the use if passphrases instead if passwords.
Which of the following technical controls MUST be in place in order to promote the use of passphrases?


50. During a routine audit, it is discovered that someone has been using a stale administrator account to log into a seldom used server. The person has been using the server to view inappropriate websites that are prohibited to end users.
Which of the following could best prevent this from occurring again?


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